Hutchinson, Sir Jonathan

SUBJECT AREA: Medical technology
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b. 23 July 1828 Selby, Yorkshire, England
d. 26 June 1913 Haslemere, Surrey, England
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English physician and surgeon, ophthalmologist, syphilologist, neuropathologist and inventor of the spirometer for the measurement of lung volumes.
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Born of Quaker stock, he was educated at home and apprenticed in 1845 to Caleb Williams, apothecary and surgeon of York. It was during this period that he developed and described his spirometer, which he had used in testing 121 sailors, 24 pugilists and wrestlers and 4 giants and dwarfs.
In 1850 he left York to complete his medical training at St Bartholomew's Hospital. By 1859 he was on the staff of the London Hospital as well as the many other specialist hospitals, including the Royal London Ophthalmic, the Blackfriars Hospital for Skin Diseases and the Royal Lock, the multiplicity of which reflected the very wide variety of his interests and expertise.
By 1863, having obtained the Fellowship of the Royal College of Surgeons, he had been appointed full Surgeon to London Hospital and was also responsible for medical ophthalmology. In 1883 he was appointed Emeritus Professor, and for many years after was deeply involved in a wide variety of medical interests. A vivid and memorable teacher, his name has been given to a large number of conditions, particularly in the fields of syphilis and ophthalmology. His special gift was an acuity of observation coupled with the accumulation and collation of clinical facts.
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Principal Honours and Distinctions
Knighted 1908. FRS 1882. Hunterian Professor, Royal College of Surgeons 1879–83; Hunterian Orator 1891.
Bibliography
1846, "On the capacity of the lungs", Med-Chi. Transactions, London (describes his spirometer).
1878–84, Illustrations of Clinical Surgery, London.
Further Reading
Obituary, 1913, Lancet (June).
Obituary, 1913, British Medical Journal (June).
Lives of the Fellows of the Royal College of Surgeons, London: Royal College of Surgeons of England.
MG

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • HUTCHINSON Sir Jonathan — (1828 1913)(retrato) [véase http://www.iqb.es/diccio/h/hu.htm#hutchinson]: célebre médico inglés conocido por la triada de síntomas característica de la sífilis hereditaria Véase: prurigo de Hutchinson Diccionario ilustrado de Términos Médicos..… …   Diccionario médico

  • Hutchinson, Sir Jonathan — ▪ British pathologist born July 23, 1828, Selby, Yorkshire, Eng. died June 26, 1913, Haslemere, Surrey       British surgeon, pathologist, pioneer in the study of congenital syphilis.       As Surgeon to the London Hospital (1859–83) and… …   Universalium

  • Jonathan Hutchinson — Infobox Scientist name = PAGENAME box width = image width =150px caption = PAGENAME birth date = 23 July 1828 birth place = Selby, Yorkshire, England death date = 23 June 1913 death place = Haslemere, Surrey residence = citizenship = nationality …   Wikipedia

  • Hutchinson's teeth — Hutch·in·son s teeth həch ən sənz n pl but sing or pl in constr peg shaped teeth having a crescent shaped notch in the cutting edge and occurring esp. in children with congenital syphilis Hutchinson Sir Jonathan (1828 1913) British surgeon and… …   Medical dictionary

  • Jonathan Hutchinson — Sir Jonathan Hutchinson (* 23. Juli 1828 in Selby, Yorkshire; † 26. Juni 1913 in Haslemere, Surrey) war ein englischer Chirurg, Dermatologe und Pathologe. Sein Mentor war Sir James Paget (1814 1899). Als Augenarzt war Hutchinson 1851 im London… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hutchinson's teeth — (also known as Hutchinson s incisor, Hutchinson s sign or Hutchinson Boeck teeth) are a sign of congenital syphilis. Babies with this have teeth that are smaller and more widely spaced than normal and which have notches on their biting surfaces.… …   Wikipedia

  • Hutchinson's triad — is named after Sir Jonathan Hutchinson (1828 1913). It is a common pattern of presentation for congenital syphilis, and consists of three phenomena: interstitial keratitis, Hutchinson incisors, and eighth nerve deafness. [cite journal |last=… …   Wikipedia

  • Hutchinson-Trias — [hạtschinßen...; nach dem engl. Chirurgen Sir Jonathan Hutchinson, 1828 1913]: Symptomenkomplex der angeborenen Syphilis (Entzündung des ↑Parenchyms der Augenhornhaut, Labyrinthschwerhörigkeit und Hutchinson Zähne) …   Das Wörterbuch medizinischer Fachausdrücke

  • Hutchinson-Fazies — [hạtschinßen...; nach dem engl. Chirurgen Sir Jonathan Hutchinson, 1828 1913]: für Augenmuskellähmung charakteristischer Gesichtsausdruck mit ↑Ptosis der Augenlider, die durch Anspannung der Stirnmuskulatur (Heben der Augenbrauen) kompensiert… …   Das Wörterbuch medizinischer Fachausdrücke

  • Hutchinson — Sir Jonathan, British surgeon, 1828–1913. See H. facies, H. freckle, H. mask, H. crescentic notch, H. patch, H. pupil, H. teeth, under tooth, H. triad, H. Gilford disease, H. Gilford syndrome …   Medical dictionary

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